SURVIVAL RULE OF 3’s
You can’t live more than 3 minutes without air, 3 hours without shelter, 3 days without water, and 3 weeks without food. This is the “Rule Of Threes.” Every person needs these four elements to live which is why prepping is so important. When you are denied any or all of these elements you need to be able to have some on reserve or know how to get more and sustain that supply for an extended amount of time.
If an emergency happened right now, how would you fare? Think about how much you depend on the ability to travel and communicate, a place to rest, and a constant supply of electricity, water, food, and heat. What if you lost any one or two of those? What if they all were gone?
Most threats preppers prepare for are earthquakes, hurricanes, ice storms, flooding, tornadoes, fires, power outages, economic changes, and wars. Many forget to prepare for threats at personal level such as job loss, divorce, or physical disability that all too often turns their lives and their families lives upside down. You need to be prepared for diverse threats at the personal, local, regional, national, and global levels. It´s easy to say to yourself, “It won´t happen to me.” But there´s no way to predict what will happen when or where, or even that something won’t happen. Consider the following statement by Richard Gist, psychologist for the Kansas City Fire Department: “Do not put off the improbable for the unthinkable. […] If there is a one in a million chance of something happening to you then it is happening to 300 people in this country right now.”
It is DIY Prepping’s goal to offer products and information that will help you take care of yourself and those who depend on you should the necessities we rely on every day be taken away or lost. By making the necessary preparations, you can have the confidence of knowing you and your family will have their needs met in an emergency, whether it is an economic, man-made, or natural disaster. The bottom line is unfortunate things happen all the time and you are the first and best defense for caring for yourself and your family.
WHAT DO PREPPERS DO?
We plan first, then we preserve and store water and food, then acquire skills and other supplies.
If you fail to plan then you are planning to fail. Having a plan is fundamental in emergency preparedness; a plan is your road map for navigating the unknown issues that can arise. You and your family should make a plan together and practice it regularly so everyone knows exactly what to do in any emergency. Practicing your plan gives you an idea of what is realistic, which steps are unnecessary, and how well each member of the family can follow the plan without help.
BIP (BUG IN PLAN)
When a crisis is less severe, isolated and you have a safe place on your property such as a under ground shelter or fortified structure and plenty of supplies then it makes since to say put, or bug in. Otherwise, leave!
BOP (BUG OUT PLAN)
Bugging in is a good idea in a lot of cases but there may be a situation in which you need to leave such as a fire, no more resources, or it is too dangerous to stay put. If S#@t Hits The Fan (SHTF) and you live in a populated area then you need to leave! Being in a populated area is the worst place to be when SHTF. When bugging out it is best to have a plan, beginning with a Bug Out Location (BOL). Then you need to have a primary route to that location and then alternate routes just in case the primary route is not an option when bugging out. Keep in mind that the BOL is virtually useless if there are no supplies there to sustain you.
BOB (BUG OUT BAG)
The next vital part of your preparedness is having a BOB to meet your needs during the first days of an emergency. That means having a portable three-day supply of food, water, light, communication, first aid, shelter, warmth, clothing, money, medications, and any other items you need.
The BOB should be light enough to carry if you have to evacuate on foot, yet comprehensive enough to meet your needs. It will see you through the first few days of an emergency if you´re unable to stay at home.
FEMA and other agencies used to recommend a three day kit, but after Hurricane Katrina, it was obvious that folks waited to get help for much longer than three days. Now the recommendation is to prepare for as many days as is reasonable, considering that you may have to carry your supplies with you. The main idea is to have what you´ll need until help arrives.
CAPTURE, PURIFY, AND STORE WATER
Water is probably the most important thing to consider as you make emergency plans. If water is cut off in an emergency, you´ll need to have water on hand for drinking, cooking, cleaning, first aid, and sanitation.
If you had to make the choice between storing water or food, choose water. Without a good source of clean, drinkable water, you simply won´t survive very long. You can last for weeks without food, but you can´t survive without water.
FEMA recommends storing a minimum of one gallon of water per person per day for two weeks. One gallon will only provide enough water for drinking and light sanitation (e.g., a sponge bath and brushing your teeth), so it´s wise to store more if you have the space. For comparison, the average person normally uses 70 gallons per day.
You will need to store portable water designed to take with you in an emergency and permanent water in case the emergency allows you to stay at home. You should also have ways to purify and filter water. Should your regular supply become contaminated or run out, you´ll need to find alternate sources, like local rivers or lakes, which may or may not be safe to drink without filtering and treatment.
RAISE AND STORE FOOD
The next item on your preparedness priority list should be food. In an emergency you´ll need to keep up your strength and energy more than ever, and building up a good supply of food storage is crucial in making that a reality.
The basic principles of food storage are the same as with water, your first step is to get enough for the first several days of a crisis as a minimum supply, and increase your supply from there until you have enough for a week, two weeks, and finally up to three months of the normal food you eat. Then add the basics: grains, legumes, salt, milk, sugar or honey, oil and garden seeds until you´ve accumulated a year supply. Once you have these basics, add other dehydrated and freeze dried foods to complete your supply. While building this supply, think about how many calories each person will need on a daily basis, and plan to meet those requirements.
Don´t forget to include cooking equipment in your emergency supplies. At minimum you´ll need a way to boil water, since most food storage requires water for re-hydration. Think about the foods you have (or will have) in storage, and add cooking methods that will best suit your supply and your cooking style.
Food storage is the most expensive part of emergency preparedness, so knowledge and research will pay off in significant ways–not only in cost savings, but ensuring that you have food storage that works for your lifestyle and nutritional needs.
Many people have additional worries about food storage, whether they´re doing it right, whether they´re getting quality products, whether they´re getting a good deal–and they need some extra direction. That´s why DIY Prepping created this site. You can do everything yourself on the cheap and learn, but you have the option to buy food that is already preserved and packaged commercially.
Once you´ve got a 3-day supply of water and food, you´re well on your way. But there are some other supplies you´ll want to consider in case of an emergency:
- Shelter and bedding (tents, sleeping bags, sleeping pads, etc.)
- Cash, coins, and an emergency debit or credit card
- A well-equipped First Aid kit
- Medications needed on a daily basis by members of your family
- A way to charge electronics like cell phones, tablets, radios, or other items if the electricity is out
- Candles, lanterns, headlamps, and/or flashlights – plus plenty of extra batteries
- Replacement items for crucial equipment – contacts, glasses, medical equipment, cooking equipment, fuel, etc.
- Items that will help family members relax and stay calm during stressful emergencies: music, games, art supplies, paper and pencils, books, etc.
- A change of clothing (underwear!)
- Personal toiletries like feminine hygiene products or adult briefs
- Weapons for protection and hunting, ammo
- Food (seeds, food processing, storage)
- Water (containers and filters)
- Tools (knives, hardware supplies)
- Fire (lighter, fuel, place to make fire)
- Maps (compass, protractor, GPS, click here for maps)
While you´re working on gathering and storing all these supplies (most people can´t do it all at once), take time to learn some skills that will be useful in an emergency.
Below are a handful of skills that would be valuable in an emergency. Think about conditions in your area, and consider what kind of skills might be useful if you had to survive there during different times of the year.
- Foraging your local plant life for food or first aid remedies
- Starting a fire
- Cooking from scratch
- Canning and dehydrating foods at home
- Navigation with a map and compass
- Basic auto repair skills
- CPR and other First Aid skills
- Emergency non-traditional communication skills (like Ham radio operation)
- Hunting and fishing
There are so many people today that do not know how to truly take care of themselves and their families without a grocery store and a mechanic or plumber a phone call and a large bill away. I bet some of you reading this don’t know the process for harvesting tomatoe seeds, prepare an apple seed for planting, how to field dress game, or even how to grow a garden. There is so much that has been lost in todays younger generations that was so important to the survival of our grandparents, great-grandparents, and so on. They were true preppers. I urge you to learn how to take care of yourself and your family without a grocery store, the government, mechanics, plumbers, water company, etc… One day it may be too late and you have to rely on others to take care of you and yours and you may not like it. Start Prepping Now!
Prepping, also called emergency preparedness, survivalism, and self-reliance is the knowledge, plans, supplies, and networking a person or group of people has in place in order to survive under emergency or when SHTF.